hassansr over at Reiclub.com forum post this as part of a log for finding a deal…
In my little corner of the Atlanta market a good number of the middle class home buyers want and can qualify for homes in the $100 – $200k range, which for the most part are your garden variety, modern 3-5 bedroom room homes with 2 -3 baths, less than 1/4 an acre and a two car garage. That being the case I’ll target houses in the mid-range of that, about $150k in value after all the repairs are done (ARV). From that amount i want to subtract all my costs to get my desired purchase price, which includes repairs, closing costs, early profits, marketing expenses, holding expenses and or interest.
As I mentioned in the last post, I only want to do cosmetic to moderate repairs on a house, so the max I’ll put into repairs is $15K
Closing costs will run me about $1,500
I aways give myself a guaranteed bit of profits early of at least $10k.
Marketing expense is the one item that most investors screw up on (besides repairs). That being the case we have to factor that in as well. When reselling I always plan for the process to take at least 6 months using a combination of ads ($250 a month x 6 = $1,500), signs (15 per week x $4 each sign x 26 weeks = $1,560), direct mail (500 post cards a month to renters x .31 cents per card x 6 months = $930) and a flat fee listing on the realtors’ multiple listing service (MLS) at $400. Total cost of six months of marketing to sell a house estimated at $4,390
Misc. expense cause things always pop up that you didn’t anticipate
My numbers for a $150k house will look like this:
X 60% = 90,000 (search the forum as to why people use 60%-65%)
Less project costs:
Rehab = $15,000
Closing cost = $1,500
Early profit = $10,000
Marketing = $4,390
Misc = $3,000
Total Costs = $33,890
MAX Allowable Offer pay for the house (Gross MAO) = $90,000-$33,890= $56,110
I plan on using a private lender to fund this so I’ll have to factor in my interest expense. Lets assume that it’ll be 12% annualized based on the 60% of the ARV ($90k x 12% =$10,800). Subtract the interest expense from the MAO to get the net MAO ($56,110-10,800=$45,310).
Again the net MAO is the max I’m willing to pay for the house; that being the case I can’t pay the MAO. So I’ll multiply the net MAO by 85% to get my starting point for making offers ($45,310 x 85%=$38,514).
BTW, just in case you’re wondering, the difference between the 60% of the ARV and the ARV will be used to cover the expenses of closing out the deal once I have found a qualified buyer. Those expenses include realtor expenses (in the case where the BUYER is brought by a realtor), Closing costs and other concessions to the buyer (such as decorator allowances or fixing the stupid stuff their home inspector finds to scare them with). It also includes the cushion that i have for lowering my sales price to account for the fact that some buyers may not qualify for a $150k purchase, but may for lets say a $135k one. Anything left over after all of those costs are covered are considered “gravy” on top of my early profit of $10k that I already took.
Now that I know my numbers, all i need to do now is to go out and find some deals. In todays market it’s going to be really hard finding private sellers with that much equity, so I’ll have to deal with bank owned properties, HUD and VA homes, probates and other investors. So we’ll look at MLS, REO realtor sites, HUD’s website, other wholesalers websites and do a little networking.
I’ll show how that works tomorrow. In the mean time I got to start working on finding a couple of potential private lenders (cash or credit). Please let me know if anything i mentioned so far was unclear.
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